Sismo del 19 de septiembre de 2017, Morelos y Puebla, México

Resumen

El 19 de septiembre de 2017, treinta y dos años después del terremoto interplaca de Michoacán de 1985 (Mw8.0), la ciudad de México fue devastada una vez más, pero esta vez por un sismo intraplaca de Mw 7.1. El sismo se ubicó en la frontera de los estados de Morelos y Puebla (18.410N, -98.710E; H = 57 km), a una distancia hipocentral de aproximadamente 127 km.

En la Ciudad de México, colapsaron 44 edificios y se dañaron a muchos otros. Es el segundo terremoto más destructivo en la historia de la Ciudad de México, después del terremoto de 1985.

Abstract

On 19 September 2017, thirty-two years after the 1985 Michoacan interplate earthquake (Mw8.0), the city was once again devastated but this time by a Mw 7.1 intraslab earthquake. The 2017 earthquake was located near the border of the states of Morelos and Puebla (18.410N, -98.710E; H=57 km), to SSE of Mexico City, at a hypocentral distance of about 127 km.

In Mexico City, 44 buildings were collapsed and many others were severely damaged. It was the second most destructive earthquake in the history of Mexico City, next only to the 1985 earthquake.

Artículos publicados en la Revista de la SMIS: Número Especial 102 (2020) dedicado a los sismos 2017

Evaluación de la fragilidad de dos soluciones de rehabilitación para un edificio con planta baja débil dañado durante el sismo 19-S17. Sonia Ruiz Gomez, René Jiménez Jordán, Marco A Santos Santiago, Miguel A. Orellana Ojeda.

10.18867/RIS.102.513

Efecto de sitio en Tuxtla Gutiérrez, Chiapas, un determinante en los daños histoóricos en edificaciones. Raul Gonzalez Herrera, Juan Carlos Mora Chaparro, Jorge Aguirre González, Jorge A. Aguilar Carboney.

10.18867/RIS.102.511

Experimental behaviour of a low-cost seismic energy dissipation device. Héctor Guerrero Bobadilla, Emmanuel Zamora Romero, Jose Alberto Escobar Sánchez, Roberto Gómez Martínez.

10.18867/RIS.102.507

Fallas de licuación de suelos inducidas por el sismo de Tehuantepec del 7 de septiembre de 2017 (Mw 8.2) en la Ciudad de Coatzacoalcos, Veracruz, México. Juan Antonio Guzmán Ventura, Francisco Williams Linera, Guadalupe Riquer Trujillo, Alejandro Vargas Colorado, Regino Leyva Soberanis.

10.18867/RIS.102.526

Artículos publicados en la Revista de la SMIS: Número Especial 101 (2019) dedicado a los sismos 2017

Interpretación de los daños y colapsos en edificaciones observados en la Ciudad de México en el Terremoto del 19 de septiembre del 2017. Mario E. Rodríguez.

10.18867/RIS.101.528

Análisis de los daños en viviendas y edificios comerciales durante la ocurrencia del sismo del 19 de septiembre de 2017. Luis Manuel Buendía Sánchez, Eduardo Reinoso Angulo.

10.18867/RIS.101.508

Comportamiento de estructuras de acero durante los sismo de septiembre de 2017. Edgar Tapia Hernández, Jesús Salvador García Carrera.

10.18867/RIS.101.499

Evaluación del comportamiento de muros no estructurales en edificios de la Ciudad de México en el terremoto del 19 de septiembre 2017. Santiago Pujol, Mario E. Rodriguez.

10.18867/RIS.101.529

Artículos de Sismologia

Adriano, B., Koshimura, S., Karimzadeh, S., Matsuoka, M., & Koch, M. (2018). Damage mapping after the 2017 Puebla Earthquake in Mexico using high-resolution Alos2 Palsar2 data. In IGARSS 2018-2018 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (pp. 870-873). IEEE.

10.1109/IGARSS.2018.8517933

Çelebi, M., Sahakian, V. J., Melgar, D., & Quintanar, L. (2018). The 19 September 2017 M 7.1 Puebla‐Morelos Earthquake: Spectral Ratios Confirm Mexico City Zoning. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 108(6), 3289-3299.

doi.org/10.1785/0120180100

Cruz-Arguelles, J. D., Jaimes, M. A., & Arredondo-Vélez, C. A. (2020). Simulation of strong ground motions modified by attenuation effects under specific soil conditions: modeling the 2017 Puebla, Mexico (Mw 7.1) earthquake. Journal of Seismology, 24, 495–509 (2020).

doi.org/10.1007/s10950-020-09925-4

Flores-Márquez, E.L.; Ramírez-Rojas, A.; Perez-Oregon, J.; Sarlis, N.V.; Skordas, E.S.; Varotsos, P.A. (2020). Natural Time Analysis of Seismicity within the Mexican Flat Slab before the M7.1 Earthquake on 19 September 2017. Entropy, 22, 730.

doi.org/10.3390/e22070730

Montalvo‐Arrieta, J. C., Pérez‐Campos, X., Ramirez‐Guzman, L., Sosa‐Ramírez, R. L., Ruiz‐Esparza, M. C., & Leonardo‐Suárez, M. (2019). Macroseismic Intensities from the 19 September 2017 Mw 7.1 Puebla–Morelos Earthquake. Seismological Research Letters (2019) 90 (6): 2142–2153.

doi.org/10.1785/0220190145

Melgar, D., Pérez‐Campos, X., Ramirez‐Guzman, L., Spica, Z., Espíndola, V. H., Hammond, W. C., & Cabral‐Cano, E. (2018). Bend Faulting at the Edge of a Flat Slab: The 2017 M w7.1 Puebla‐Morelos, Mexico Earthquake. Geophysical Research Letters, 45(6), 2633-2641.

doi.org/10.1002/2017GL076895

Mirwald, A., Cruz‐Atienza, V. M., Díaz‐Mojica, J., Iglesias, A., Singh, S. K., Villafuerte, C., & Tago, J. (2019). The 19 September 2017 (M w 7.1) Intermediate‐Depth Mexican Earthquake: A Slow and Energetically Inefficient Deadly Shock. Geophysical Research Letters, 46(4), 2054-2064.

doi.org/10.1029/2018GL080904

Perez-Campos, X., Singh, S. K., Arroyo, D., Cruz-Atienza, V. M., Ordaz, M., Hjorleifsdottir, V., & Iglesias, A. (2017). The deadly Morelos-Puebla, Mexico Intraslab Earthquake of 19 September 2017 (Mw7.1): Was the Earthquake Unexpected and Were the Ground Motions and Damage Pattern in Mexico City Abnormal? American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting 2017.

ui.adsabs.harvard.edu

Pinzón, L. A., Pujades, L. G., Diaz, S. A., & Alva, R. E. (2018). Do directionality effects influence expected damage? A case study of the 2017 Central Mexico earthquake. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 108(5A), 2543-2555.

doi.org/10.1785/0120180049

Singh, S. K., Reinoso, E., Arroyo, D., Ordaz, M., Cruz‐Atienza, V., Pérez‐Campos, X., Iglesias, A., & Hjörleifsdóttir, V. (2018). Deadly Intraslab Mexico Earthquake of 19 September 2017 (⁠Mw 7.1): Ground Motion and Damage Pattern in Mexico City. Seismological Research Letters ; 89 (6): 2193–2203.

doi.org/10.1785/0220180159

Sahakian, V. J., Melgar, D., Quintanar, L., Ramírez‐Guzmán, L., Pérez‐Campos, X., & Baltay, A. (2018). Ground motions from the 7 and 19 September 2017 Tehuantepec and Puebla‐Morelos, Mexico, earthquakes. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 108(6), 3300-3312.

doi.org/10.1785/0120180108

Arroyo, D., Singh, S. K., Ordaz, M., Meli, R., & Ramírez, M. (2020). Observed Seismic Intensities and Damage Pattern in Central Mexico During Intraslab Earthquakes of 1999 (Mw6.9) and 2017 (Mw7.1). Geofísica Internacional, 59-2: 82-100. **

areas.geofisica.unam.mx

Carciumaru, D., Ortega, R., Castellanos, J. C., & Huesca‐Pérez, E. (2020). Crustal characteristics in the subduction zone of Mexico: implication of the tectonostratigraphic terranes on slab tearing. Seismological Research Letters, 91(3), 1781-1793.

doi.org/10.1785/0220190117

Artículos de Geotecnia

Alberto, Y., Otsubo, M., Kyokawa, H., Kiyota, T., & Towhata, I. (2018). Reconnaissance of the 2017 Puebla, Mexico earthquake. Soils and foundations, 58(5), 1073-1092.

doi.org/10.1016/j.sandf.2018.06.007

Asimaki, D., Mohammadi, K., Ayoubi, P., Mayoral, J. M., & Montalva, G. (2020). Investigating the spatial variability of ground motions during the 2017 Mw 7.1 Puebla-Mexico City earthquake via idealized simulations of basin effects. Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering, 132, 106073.

doi.org/10.1016/j.soildyn.2020.106073

Franke, K. W., Candia, G., Mayoral, J. M., Wood, C. M., Montgomery, J., Hutchinson, T., & Morales-Velez, A. C. (2019). Observed building damage patterns and foundation performance in Mexico City following the 2017 M7. 1 Puebla-Mexico City earthquake. Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering, 125, 105708.

doi.org/10.1016/j.soildyn.2019.105708

Mayoral, J. M., De la Rosa, D., & Tepalcapa, S. (2019). Topographic effects during the September 19, 2017 Mexico city earthquake. Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering, 125, 105732.

doi.org/10.1016/j.soildyn.2019.105732

Mayoral, J. M., Franke, K. W., & Hutchinson, T. 2019). The September 19, 2017 Mw 7.1 Puebla-Mexico city earthquake: Important findings from the field–Overview of Special Edition. Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering, 123, 520-524.

doi.org/10.1016/j.soildyn.2019.05.019

Montgomery, J., Candia, G., Lemnitzer, A., & Martinez, A. (2020). The September 19, 2017 Mw 7.1 Puebla-Mexico City earthquake: Observed rockfall and landslide activity. Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering, 130, 105972.

doi.org/10.1016/j.soildyn.2019.105972

Román-De La Sancha, A., Mayoral, J. M., Hutchinson, T. C., Candia, G., Montgomery, J., & Tepalcapa, S. (2019). Assessment of fragility models based on the Sept 19th, 2017 earthquake observed damage. Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering, 125, 105707.

doi.org/10.1016/j.soildyn.2019.105707

Ruiz-García, J. (2018). Examination of the vertical earthquake ground motion component during the September 19, 2017 (Mw= 7.1) earthquake in Mexico City. Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering, 110, 13-17.

doi.org/10.1016/j.soildyn.2018.03.029

Solano-Rojas, D., Cabral-Cano, E., Fernández-Torres, E., Havazli, E., Wdowinski, S., & Salazar-Tlaczani, L. (2020). Remotely triggered subsidence acceleration in Mexico City induced by the September 2017 M w 7.1 Puebla and the M w 8.2 Tehuantepec September 2017 earthquakes. Proceedings of the International Association of Hydrological Sciences, 382, 683-687.

doi.org/10.5194/piahs-382-683-2020

Wood, C. M., Deschenes, M., Ledezma, C., Meneses, J., Montalva, G., & Morales-Velez, A. C. (2017). Dynamic site characterization of areas affected by the 2017 Puebla-Mexico city earthquake. Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering, 125, 105704.

doi.org/10.1016/j.soildyn.2019.105704

Artículos de Estructuras

Alcocer, S. M., Murià-Vila, D., Fernández-Sola, L. R., Ordaz, M., & Arce, J. C. (2020). Observed damage in public school buildings during the 2017 Mexico earthquakes. Earthquake Spectra.

doi.org/10.1177/8755293020926183

Arteta, C. A., Carrillo, J., Archbold, J., Gaspar, D., Pajaro, C., Araujo, G., Torregroza, A., Bonett, R., Blandon, C., Fernández-Sola, L.R., Correal, J. F., & Mosalam K.M. (2019). Response of mid-rise reinforced concrete frame buildings to the 2017 Puebla earthquake. Earthquake Spectra, 35(4), 1763-1793

doi.org/10.1193/061218EQS144M

Guerrero H., Terán-Gilmore A., Zamora, E., Escobar, J.A. & R. Gómez (2020). Hybrid Simulation Test of a Soft Storey Frame Building Upgraded with a Buckling-Restrianed Brace (BRB), Experimental Techiques.

doi.org/10.1007/s40799-020-00378-5

Jara, J. M., Hernández, E. J., Olmos, B. A., & Martínez, G. (2020). Building damages during the September 19, 2017 earthquake in Mexico City and seismic retrofitting of existing first soft-story buildings. Engineering Structures, 209, 109977.

doi.org/10.1016/j.engstruct.2019.109977

Pozos-Estrada, A., Chávez M., Jaimes M.A., Arnau O. & H. Guerrero (2019). Damages observed in locations of Oaxaca due to the Tehuantepec Mw8.2 erathquake Mexico. Natural Hazards, 97:623-641.

doi.org/10.1007/s11069-019-03662-9

Roeslin, S., Ma, Q., & García, H. J. (2018). Damage Assessment on Buildings following the 19th September 2017 Puebla, Mexico Earthquake. Frontiers in Built Environment, 4, 72.

doi.org/10.3389/fbuil.2018.00072

Ruiz‐García, J., & Miranda, E. (2018). Evaluation of seismic displacement demands from the September 19, 2017 Puebla‐Morelos (Mw= 7.1) earthquake in Mexico City. Earthquake Engineering & Structural Dynamics, 47(13), 2726-2732.

doi.org/10.1002/eqe.3107

Tapia-Hernández, E., & García-Carrera, J. S. (2020). Damage assessment and seismic behavior of steel buildings during the Mexico earthquake of 19 September 2017. Earthquake Spectra, 36(1), 250-270.

doi.org/10.1177/8755293019878186

Galvis F.A., Miranda E. and Heresi P. (2020), “Overview of collapsed buildings in Mexico City after the 19 September 2017 (Mw 7.1) earthquake”, Earthquake Spectra.

doi.org/10.1177/8755293020936694

A.Tena-Colunga, H.Hernández-Ramírez, E.A.Godínez-Domínguez, L.E.Pérez-Rocha, A.Grande-Vega, L.A.Urbina-Californias (2020), Performance of the Built Environment in Mexico City during the September 19, 2017, earthquakeInternational Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction. August.

10.1016/j.ijdrr.2020.101787

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E-mail: smis@smis.org.mx

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